|SSBN Submarine Description
Ballistic missile submarines are larger than any other type of submarine, in order to accommodate SLBMs such as the Russian R-29 or the American Trident. Although some early models had to surface to launch their missiles, modern vessels typically launch while submerged at keel depths, usually less than 50 meters (164 feet).
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The Typhoon-class submarine is a ballistic missile-carrying, nuclear-powered submarine (SSBN) deployed by the Soviet Navy in the 1980s. With a displacement of up to 48,000 tons, the Typhoon is the largest submarine class in the world ever built. The name stems from the use of the word "typhoon" by Leonid Brezhnev in a 1974 speech while describing a new type of nuclear ballistic missile submarine. The Typhoon class was developed under Project 941 as the Russian Akula-class (the Russian word for "Shark", although NATO uses the name Akula class to designate Russian Project 971 Shchuka-B-class subs).
The Typhoon-class submarine
is a ballistic missile-carrying, nuclear-powered
submarine (SSBN) deployed by the Soviet Navy in the
1980s. With a displacement of up to 48,000 tons, the
Typhoon is the largest submarine class ever built. The
name stems from the use of the word "typhoon"
by Leonid Brezhnev in a 1974 speech while describing a
new type of nuclear ballistic missile submarine. The
Typhoon class was developed under Project 941 as the
Russian Akula-class (the Russian word for
"Shark", although NATO uses the name Akula
class to designate Russian Project 971 Shchuka-B-class
Typhoon subs are quieter (partly
due to the vessels' massive size) and yet more
maneuverable than their predecessors. Additionally, the
Typhoon class features six torpedo tubes: two are
designed to handle SS-N-15 missiles or Type 53 torpedoes,
and the other four are designed to launch SS-N-16
missiles, Type 65 torpedoes, or mines.
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|SSBN Submarine Purpose
Ballistic missile submarines differ in purpose from attack submarines and cruise missile submarines; while attack submarines specialise in combat with other naval vessels (including enemy submarines and merchant shipping), and cruise missile submarines are designed to attack large warships and tactical targets on land, the primary mission of the ballistic missile is nuclear deterrence. Accordingly, the mission profile of a ballistic missile submarine concentrates on remaining undetected, rather than aggressively pursuing other vessels. Ballistic missile submarines are designed for stealth, to avoid detection at all costs. They use many sound-reducing design features, such as anechoic tiles on their hull surfaces, carefully designed propulsion systems, and machinery mounted on vibration-damping mounts.
Ballistic missile submarines equipped with nuclear warheads serve as the third leg of the nuclear triad. The invisibility and mobility of submarines offer both a reliable means of deterrence against an attack (by maintaining the threat of a second strike), and a surprise first-strike capability.
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Largest Submarine in the World - Typhoon