Russian Navy WW2 (Soviet Navy)

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Russian Navy WW2 (Soviet Navy)
Also See:
MIG19_Farmer SU35_Sukhoi SU27_Flanker SU24_Fencer MIG21 MIG23_Flogger MIG25_Foxbat MIG29_Fulcrum MIG31_Foxhound Mi24_Hind_Gunship Ka50_Hokum_helicopter KA25 Kamov Naval Helicopter Kirov Battlecruiser Kuznetsov Russian Aircraft Carrier Soviet Aircraft Carrier Varyag, Largest Submarine Typhoon

Voyenno-morskoy flot SSSR, literally "Naval military forces of the USSR") was the naval arm of the Soviet armed forces. Often referred to as the Red Fleet, the Soviet Navy would have been instrumental in any perceived Warsaw Pact role in an all-out war with NATO when it would have to stop the naval convoys bringing reinforcements over the Atlantic to the Western European theatre. Such a conflict never occurred, but the Soviet Navy still saw considerable action during the Cold War. The Soviet Navy was divided into several major fleets Northern Fleet, the Pacific Ocean Fleet, the Black Sea Fleet, and the Baltic Fleet. The Caspian Flotilla was a semi-independent formation administratively under the Black Sea Fleet command while the Soviet Indian Ocean Squadron drew its units from and was under the jurisdiction of the Pacific Ocean Fleet. Other components included the Naval Aviation, Naval Infantry (their equivalent of marines) and coastal artillery. The Soviet Navy was reformed into the Russian Navy after the end of the Cold War in 1991. CIA / KGB intelligence game. Run your own operation game. Travel around the world and set up espionage game, trade with state secrets, weapon systems, spy codes, WMD, hire secretaries, agents, lawyers and soldiers, establish secret agent stations, cells and bases and search for criminals and politicians. Involve in agent game. Game contains more than 40 missions including Nuclear Game, Cold War Game, Secret Agent, CIA Games, USAF, Prime Minister, RAF, Bin Laden, Sadam, KGB, Operations Iran…

1 History
1.1 Early history
1.2 The Great Patriotic War
1.3 Cold War
1.4 Recent history
2 Commanders-in-Chief of the Soviet Naval Forces

Russian Navy WW2 History

The origins of the Russian navy may be traced to the period between the 4th and the 6th century, when Early East Slavs were engaged in a struggle against the Byzantine Empire. The first Slavic flotillas consisted of small sailing ships and rowboats, which had been seaworthy and able to navigate in riverbeds. In the 9th-12th century, there were flotillas in Kievan Rus' consisting of hundreds of vessels with one, two or three masts. The citizens of Novgorod are known to have conducted military campaigns in the Baltic Sea (e.g., the siege of Sigtuna in 1187). Lad'ya ( in Russian, or sea boat) was a typical boat used by the army of Novgorod (length - 30 m, width - 5 to 6 m, 2 or 3 masts, armament - battering rams and catapults, complement - 50 to 60 men). There were also smaller sailboats and rowboats, such as ushkuys for sailing in rivers, lakes and skerries, kochis, and nosads, used for cargo transportation.

In the 16th-17th century, the Cossacks conducted military campaigns against the Tatars and Turks, using sailboats and rowboats. The Cossacks of Zaporizhian Sich used to call these boats either chaika, or cheln. The Don Cossacks called them strugs. These boats were capable of transporting up to 80 men. The Cossack flotillas numbered 80 to 100 boats.

The centralized Russian state had been fighting for its own access to the Baltic Sea, Black Sea and Sea of Azov since the 17th century. By the end of this century, the Russians had accumulated some valuable experience in using riverboats together with land forces. In 1667-1669, the Russians tried to build naval ships in a village of Dedinovo on the shores of the Oka River for the purpose of defending the trade routes along the Volga, which led to the Caspian Sea. In 1668, they built a 26-cannon ship Oryol or Eagle, a yacht, a boat with a mast and bowsprit and a few rowboats

Russian Navy WW2 - Soviet history

Aurora was unofficially the first Soviet Navy vessel, after it mutinied against Imperial Russia in 1917.The Soviet Navy was formed in 1917 out of the ashes of the Imperial Russian Navy. Many vessels continued to serve after the October Revolution, albeit under different names. In fact, the first ship of the Soviet Navy could be considered to be the rebellious Imperial Russian cruiser Aurora, whose crew joined the bolsheviks. A previous bolshevik uprising in the fleet had occurred in 1905 involving Potemkin, an Imperial Russian battleship.

The Soviet Navy, then referred to as the "Workers' and Peasants' Red Fleet", Raboche-Krest'yansky Krasny Flot or RKKF) existed in a dilapidated state during the interwar years, possessing a few obsolescent battleships but no aircraft carriers. As the country's attentions were largely directed internally, the Navy did not see much in the way of funding or training. A telling indicator of the perceived threat of the Navy was that the Soviets were not invited to participate in the Washington Naval Treaty, which served to cap size and capabilities of the most powerful navies.

WW2 World War 2 - The Great Patriotic War
The Winter War (which was largely an extension of the Great Patriotic War) in 1939 saw some minor action on the Baltic Sea, mainly artillery duels between Finnish forts and Soviet cruisers and battleships.

When Adolf Hitler launched WW2 Operation Barbarossa in 1941, the Soviets began to realize that a Navy was more important, after all. Much of the Soviet Navy during World War II was comprised of ex-U.S. Navy Lend-Lease destroyers. They were critical in defending convoys from Kriegsmarine U-boats. Unfortunately for the Soviets, much of their fleet on the Baltic Sea was blocked in Leningrad and Kronstadt by Finnish and German minefields during 1941–1944 and heavily maimed by mines and air attacks. Some units survived on the Black Sea, defending Sevastopol against siege.

Russian Navy WW2 - Cold War

A Whiskey Twin Cylinder class guided missile submarine, an important platform for launching anti-shipping strikes.After the war, the Soviets concluded that they must be able to compete with the West at all costs. They embarked upon a program to match the West, if not qualitatively, then at least quantitatively. Soviet shipbuilding kept yards busy constructing submarines based upon World War II Kriegsmarine designs, and were launched with great frequency in the immediate post-war years. Afterwards, through a combination of indigenous research and technology "borrowed" from Nazi Germany and the Western nations, the Soviets gradually improved their submarine designs, though always staying a generation behind NATO countries, primarily in noise dampening and sonar technology.

The Soviets were quick to equip their surface fleet with missiles of various sorts. In fact, it became a hallmark of Soviet design to place gigantic missiles onto relatively small vessels - and fast missile boats - where, in the West, such a move would never have been considered tactically feasible. Nevertheless the Soviet Navy also possessed several very large guided missile cruisers with awesome firepower, such as those of the Kirov class and the Slava class cruisers.

Kiev, a helicopter carrier and the rest of her class constituted an important component of the Soviet anti-submarine warfare system.In 1968 and 1969 the Soviet helicopter carriers Moskva and Leningrad appeared, followed by the first of four aircraft carriers of the Kiev class in 1973. The Soviets attempted to compete with large American supercarriers by constructing Project OREL, but this was cancelled on the drawing board due to changing priorities. In the 1980s the Soviet Navy acquired its first true aircraft carrier, Tbilisi (subsequently renamed Admiral Kuznetsov). In another sign of the Soviet Navy's desire to be unique, the Kiev class and Admiral Kuznetsov carriers possessed their own offensive missile component in addition to the organic air arm. In the latter half of the 1980s, the Soviets attempted yet again to construct a supercarrier, Ulyanovsk, and the vessel was mostly completed, when the end of the Cold War forced the vessel to be scrapped.

Despite these efforts, the Soviet Navy was still short of a large aircraft carrier fleet, as the U.S. Navy possessed, therefore the Soviet Navy was unique in deploying large numbers of strategic bombers in a maritime role by the Aviatsiya Voenno-Morskogo Flota (AV-MF, or Naval Aviation). Strategic bombers such as the Tupolev Tu-16 'Badger' and Tu-22M 'Backfire' were deployed with high-speed anti-shipping missiles. The primary role of these aircraft were to intercept NATO supply convoys traveling the sea lines of communication, acting as part of Operation REFORGER, en route to Europe from North America.

The large Soviet attack submarine force was geared towards the same role, but also targeted American aircraft carrier battle groups. In addition, the Soviets possessed numerous purpose-built guided missile submarines, such as the Oscar class, as well as multitudes of ballistic missile submarines, including the largest submarines in the world, the Typhoon class.

The Soviets encountered issues with safety, particularly with nuclear-powered vessels. They suffered several incidents with nuclear-powered submarines during the course of the Cold War. This included famous examples such as the K-219, and Komsomolets, which were lost to fire, or more ominous examples such as K-19, which leaked radiation, resulting in the death of several crewmembers. Inadequate Soviet nuclear safety and damage control techniques were typically to blame. The Soviets often blamed collision with U.S. submarines, the assertion of which may hold some truth. This may not be known for some time, as the U.S. Navy has a policy of not speaking about accidents unless they result in deaths or involve a nuclear incident.

Nevertheless, in 1991 at the end of the Cold War, the Soviet Navy was still operating many of their first-generation missile submarines. The reason for this was that Soviet submarines were less precise in missile targeting; in addition, it was perceived that many of them were being shadowed by quieter Western attack submarines, and would be picked off at an early stage in any conflict. This forced the Soviets to adhere to the philosophy of "safety in numbers."

After the fall of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, the Soviet Navy went neglected once again, and was eventually divided among several former Soviet republics. The Black Sea Fleet, in particular, spent several years in limbo before an agreement was reached to divide it between Russia and Ukraine.

Russian Navy WW2 - Commanders-in-Chief of the Soviet Naval Forces
Vasili Mikhailovich Altfater (October, 1918 — April, 1919)
Yevgeny Andreyevich Berens (May, 1919 — February, 1920)
Aleksandr Vasiliyevich Nemits (February, 1920 — December, 1921)
Eduard Samoilovich Pantserzhansky (December, 1921 — December, 1924)
Vyacheslav Ivanovich Zof (December, 1924 — August, 1926)
Romuald Adamovich Muklevich (August, 1926 — July, 1931)
Vladimir Mitrofanovich Orlov (July, 1931 — July, 1937)
Mikhail Vladimirovich Viktorov (August, 1937 — January, 1938)
P.A. Smirnov (January — August, 1938)
Mikhail Petrovich Frinovsky (September, 1938 — April, 1939)
Nikolai Gerasimovich Kuznetsov (April, 1939 — January, 1947)
Ivan Stepanovich Yumashev (January, 1947 — July, 1951)
Nikolai Gerasimovich Kuznetsov - (July, 1951 — January, 1956), second term
Sergey Georgyevich Gorshkov - (January, 1956 - December, 1985). Considered the officer most responsible for reforming the Soviet Navy
Vladimir Nikolayevich Chernavin - (1985 - 1992)

Text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

List of ships of the Russian Soviet Navy

ssian Soviet Navy Destroyers 1/2
* Kashin class destroyer
o Komsomolets Ukrainy (1960)
o Soobrazitelnyy -Adaptable(1961)
o Provornyy -Agile(1962)
o Obraztsovyy -Exemplary(1964)
o Odarennyy -Gifted(1964)
o Otvazhnyy - Courageous(1964)
o Steregushchiy -Watchful(1966)
o Krasnyy Kavkaz (1966)
o Reshitelnyy -Decisive(1966)
o Strogiy -Severe (1967)
o Smetlivyy -Resourceful(1967)
o Krasnyy Krym (1969)
o Sposobnyy -Capable(1970)
o Skoryy -Fast(1971)
* Mod Kashin
o Ognevoy -Fiery(1963)
o Slavnyy -Glorious(1965)
o Stroynyy -Harmonious(1965)
o Smyshlenyy -Humorous(1966)
o Smelyy - Valiant(1968)
o Sderzhannyy -Restrained(1972)
o Rajput (built for Indian Navy) (1980)
o Rana (built for Indian Navy) (1982)
o Ranjit (built for Indian Navy) (1983)
o Ranvir (built for Indian Navy) (1986)
o Ranvijay (built for Indian Navy) (1988)
* Kara class
o Nikolaev (1969)
o Ochakov (1972)
o Kerch (1972)
o Azov (1973)
o Petropavlovsk (1974)
o Tashkent (1975)

Turn-based WW2 naval game, extension to the classic Submarine game (Battleship game) where ships/planes/subs can move. Contains plenty of game missions, game campaigns and 40 ship, submarine, airplane ana port artillery types, with combat maps up to 96X96 large.
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There is a more than 40 missions with different game objectives.
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Russian Soviet Navy Destroyers 2/2
o Vladivostok (1976)
* Gnevny class destroyer (Project 7 class)
* Leningrad class destroyer
* Marashti class
* Novik class
o Derzky class
o Orfey class
o Izijaslav class
o Fidonisy class
*o Bystryy - Quick (1989)
o Rastoropnyy - Prompt (1989)
o Bezboyaznennyy - Intrepid (1990)
o Bezuderzhnyy - Tenacious (1991)
o Bespokoynyy - Restless (1992)
o Nastoychivyy - Reliable (originally Moskovskiy Komsomolets) (1993)
o Besstrashnyy - Fearless (1994)
o Vazhnyy - Eminent (not completed)
o Vdumchivyy - Thoughtful (not completed)
* Town class, ex Royal Navy, ex United States Navy
* Udaloy I class
o Udaloy -Bold(1980)
o Vice-Admiral Kulakov (1980)
o Marshal Vasilevskiy (1982)
o Admiral Zakharov (1982)
o Admiral Spiridonov (1983)
o Admiral Tributs (1983)
o Marshal Shaposhnikov (1985)
o Severomorsk (1985)
o Admiral Levchenko (1987)
o Admiral Vinogradov (1987)
o Admiral Kharlamov (1988)
o Admiral Panteleyev (1990)
* Udaloy II class
o Admiral Chabanenko (1995)
o Admiral Basistyy (not completed)
o Admiral Kucherov (not completed)

Russian Soviet Navy Cruisers

* Diana class (1898-1945?)
o Aurora
* Kynda-class cruiser
o Grozny ("Terrible")
o Admiral Fokin
o Admiral Golovko
o Soviet cruiser Varyag (1965)
* Komintern, ex Pamyat Merkuriya
* Chervona Ukraina
* Karsnyi Krym, ex Profintern
* Krasnyi Kavkaz
* Kresta I
o Admiral Zozulya
o Vize-Admiral Drozd
o Vladivostok
o Sevastopol
* Kresta II
o Krondstadt
o Admiral Isakov
o Admiral Nakhimov
o Admiral Makarov
o Marshall Voroshilov
o Admiral Oktyabrsky
o Admiral Isachenkov
o Marshal Timoshenko
o Vasily Chapaev
o Admiral Yumashev
* Kirov class (1937-1974?)
o Kirov (1973)
o Voroshilov
o Maxim Gorky
o Molotov
o Kalinin
o Kaganovich
* Murmansk (ex USS Milwaukee)
* Chapayev class, an upgrade to the Kirov class (1939-1981)
* Sverdlov class, an enlargement of the Chapayev class(1949-1991)
o Sverdlov
o Dzerzhinsky
o Ordzhonikidze
o Zhdanov
o Alexander Nevski
o Admiral Nakhimov
o Admiral Ushakov
o Admiral Lazarev
o Alexander Suvorov
o Admiral Senyavin
o Dmitry Pozharski
o Oktyabrskaya Revolutsia
o Murmansk
o Mikhail Kutuzov
* Slava class, a non-nuclear, reduced-size version of the Kirov battlecruisers
o Slava
o Marshal Ustinov
o Lobov later taken over by Ukraine as Vilna Ukraina
o Chervona Ukraina, renamed Russian cruiser Varyag (1983)

Russian Soviet Navy Amphibious assault

* Ivan Rogov class
o Ivan Rogov
* Alligator class

Russian Soviet Navy Battlecruisers

* Kirov class (1980-)
o Kirov, later Admiral Ushakov (1977-)
o Frunze, later Admiral Lazarev (1984-1994)
o Kalinin, later Admiral Nakhimov (1988-1999)
o Yuri Andropov, later Pyotr Velikhy (1996-)
o Dzerzhinsky (incomplete)

Russian Soviet Navy Battleships

* Arkhangelsk, HMS Royal Sovereign on loan 1944-1949 from the UK.
* Conte di Cavour class
o Novorossiisk, the Italian Giulio Cesare ceded as war reparations (1949-1955)
* Gangut class
o Marat formerly the Petropavlovsk (1914-1955)
o Oktyabrskaya Revoluciya formerly the Gangut (1914-1952)
o Parizhskaya Kommuna formerly the Sevastopol (1914-1956)

Russian Soviet Navy Aircraft carriers/Aviation cruisers

* Moskva class (1964–1991)
o Moskva (1964–1991)
o Leningrad (1968–1991)
* Kiev class (1972–1997)
o Kiev (1972–1993)
o Minsk (1975–1993)
o Novorossiysk (1978–1993)
o Admiral Gorshkov (1982–1995)
* Admiral Kuznetsov class (1985-)
o Admiral Kuznetsov (1985–)
o Varyag (incomplete)
* Ulyanovsk class
o Ulyanovsk (incomplete)
o Unnamed


World War 1; World War 2 Operations, Weapons Data; Modern Weapons Data; Modern Wars; Combat Organizations
LIST OF PLANES US AIR FORCE WW2 USN WW2 Torpedo Bomber - Douglas TBD-1 Devastator USN WW2 Fighters: Brewster F2A Buffalo, Curtiss F9C Sparrowhawk Grumman F3F, Grumman F4F Wildcat, General Motors FM-2 Wildcat LOCKHEED P-38 LIGHTNING F-82 TWIN MUSTANG REPUBLIC P-47 THUNDERBOLT NORTH AMERICAN P-51 MUSTANG Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, Boeing B-29 Superfortress Consolidated B-24 D Liberator North American B-25 Mitchell, Martin B-26 Marauder
USAF Plane List USN FIGHTERS A-10 / A10 Thunderbolt II F-5 Freedom Fighter F-20 Tigershark F-4 Phantom II F-86 Sabre, A-4 Skyhawk, A-6 Grumann Intruder F-14 Tomcat F-15 Eagle F15, F-16 Fighting Falcon F-18 Hornet F-22 Raptor F-35 Joint Strike Fighter U-2 Dragon Lady SR-71 Blackbird F-117 Nighthawk F117 F-22 Raptor, F-35 Joint Strike Fighter JSF B-52 Stratofortress B52 F-111, AC130 Gunship B-1 Lancer B-2 Spirit P-3C Orion S-3B Viking CH-46 Sea Knight, CH-53 Sea Stallion H-3 Sea King MH-53 Sea Dragon SH-60 Seahawk HH/UH-1N Iroquois AH-1 Cobra UH-60 Black Hawk, HH-60 Pave Hawk Helicopter AH-64 Apache AH64 RQ-1 Predator List of Aircraft Weapons
Pre/Post WW2 USSR Russia Planes - List of Aircraft Ilyushin_IL2 IL-4_Ilyushin Operation Stalingrad , Operation Barbarossa Zhukov (Zukov) MIG19_Farmer SU35_Sukhoi SU27_Flanker SU24_Fencer MIG21 MIG23_Flogger MIG25_Foxbat MIG29_Fulcrum MIG31_Foxhound Mi24_Hind_Gunship Ka50_Hokum_helicopter KA25_Kamov_Naval_Helicopter Kirov_Battlecruiser Kuznetsov_Russian_Aircraft_Carrier Soviet_Aircraft_Carrier_Varyag

Russian Navy WW2 (Soviet Navy)