United States Navy
Fleets, Submarine warfare and nuclear deterrence, Ships of the U.S. Navy, Early vessels, Weapons systems, Naval aircraft, Notable members of the U.S. Navy, Naval bases, Naval jargon

p r e s e n t
BattleFleet Naval Strategy Games
with Battleships Dynamics Game Engine
home page Battlefleet: Pacific War is WW2 naval turn-based strategy game, extension to the classic Battleship game, where ships/planes, subs can move! screenshot
  F e a t u r e s :  

45 Ship/Plane/Sub/Artillery types
20 Scenarios
18 Death Match Missions
2 Campaigns
Unit production
Various game objectives
Combat maps up to 96x96
Unit names and officer ranks are historic

( Size: 4.8 MB ) for Windows 98/XP/NT/Me/2000 Pentium 233 MHz, 32 MB RAM Current version: 1.26
Pearl Harbor Overview
Pearl Harbor Japs forces
Pearl Harbor Japs Aircraft
Coral Sea
Doolitle Attack
Japan Capitulates
Battleship Bismarck
Normandy Invasion
USN Admirals
Japan Admirals
Torpedo Bombers
USN WW2 Fighters
USN WW2 Battleships
Aircraft Carriers
Patrol Ships
Attack Sumbarines
Missile Sumbarines
Assault Ships
F-14 Tomcat
F-18 Hornet
P-3C Orion
S-3B Viking
CH-46 Sea Knight
CH-53 Sea Stallion
H-3 Sea King
MH-53 Sea Dragon
SH-60 Seahawk
HH/UH-1N Iroquois

United States Navy

The United States Navy is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. The U.S. Navy consists of more than 300 ships and over 4,000 operational aircraft. It has over half a million personnel on active or ready reserve duty. The Navy is part of the United States Department of Defense.
The United States Navy traces its origins to the Continental Navy, which the Continental Congress established on October 13, 1775 by authorizing the procurement, fitting out, manning, and dispatch of two armed vessels to cruise in search of munitions ships supplying the British Army in America. The legislation also established a Naval Committee to supervise the work. All together, the Continental Navy numbered some fifty ships over the course of the American Revolutionary War, with approximately twenty warships active at its maximum strength.
After the American War for Independence, Congress sold the surviving ships of the Continental Navy and released the seamen and officers. The Constitution of the United States, ratified in 1789, empowered Congress "to provide and maintain a navy." Acting on this authority, Congress ordered the construction and manning of six frigates on March 27, 1794 and in 1797 the first three frigates, USS United States, USS Constellation and USS Constitution went into service.
The War Department administered naval affairs from that year until Congress established the Department of the Navy on April 30, 1798.

Table of contents
1 History of the U.S. Navy
2 Development of modern U.S. Navy
3 Naval Jack
4 Naval culture
5 Naval jargon
5.1 Common Naval Jargon
6 Fleets
7 Submarine warfare and nuclear deterrence
8 Ships of the U.S. Navy
8.2 Notable ships
8.2.1 Aircraft carriers
8.2.2 Amphibious assault ships
8.2.3 Submarines
8.2.4 Battleships
8.2.5 Cruisers
8.2.6 Frigates
8.2.7 Destroyers
8.2.8 Others
8.2.9 Early vessels
9 Weapons systems
10 Naval aircraft
11 Notable members of the U.S. Navy
12 Naval bases

History of the U.S. Navy

Development of modern U.S. Navy power

Naval Jack

US Naval JackThe naval jack of the United States is a blue field with 50 white stars, identical to the canton of the ensign, both in appearance and size. A jack of similar design was first used in
1794, though with 13 stars arranged in three rows of 4-5-4.

The jack is flown from the bow of the ship and the ensign from the stern when the ship is moored or anchored. When underway, the ensign is flown from the main mast.

On 31 May 2002, Secretary of the Navy Gordon England directed all US naval ships to fly the First Naval Jack for the duration of the War on Terrorism, beginning September 11 2002.

First US Naval Jack

Naval culture

Navy sailors are trained in the core values of Honor, Courage, Commitment. Sailors cope with boredom on long cruises of six months to a year, and cherish their time in their home ports, as well as vacations at ports abroad.

Naval jargon

A distinct dialect of English has developed amongst sailors over the course of the last four centuries. Naval jargon is spoken by American sailors as a normal part of their daily speech.
There are three distinct components of Naval jargon:

Common Naval Jargon


  • 2nd Fleet - Atlantic
  • 3rd Fleet - Eastern and Northern Pacific (In peacetime the Third Fleet has no ARG and the carriers in the area are on their way to the Seventh Fleet or conduct training cruises after an overhaul for example.)
  • 5th Fleet - Middle East
  • 6th Fleet - Mediterranean
  • 7th Fleet - Western Pacific and Indian Ocean

Submarine warfare and nuclear deterrence

The submarine has a long history in the USN. It began in the late 19th century, with the building of the SS-1, the USS Holland. The boat was in service for 10 years and was a developmental and trials vessel for many systems on other early submarines.

The submarine really came of age in World War I. The USN did not have a large part in this war, with its action mainly being confined to escorting convoys later in the and sending a division of battleships to reinforce the British Grand Fleet. However, there were those in the USN submarine service who saw what the Germans had done with their U-boats and took careful note.
Doctrine in the inter-war years emphasised the submarine as a scout for the battle fleet, and also extreme caution in command. Both these axioms were shown to be wrong very quickly after the attack on Pearl Harbor in December 1941. The submarine skippers of the fleet boats of World War II waged a very effective campaign against Japanese merchant vessels, doing to Japan what Germany failed to do to the United Kingdom. They were aggressive in their prosecution of their task, and operated far from the fleet.
In addition to their commerce raiding role, submarines also proved valuable in air-sea rescue. There was many an American aircraft carrier pilot who owed his life to the valour of USN submarine crews.
After WWII, things continued along much the same path until the early 1950s. Then a revolution, that was to forever change the nature of the submarine arm occured. That revolution was the USS Nautilus.
The Nautilus was the first nuclear-powered submarine. Up until that point, submarines had really been, at their most basic level, torpedo boats that happened to be able to go underwater. They had been tied to the surface by the need to charge their batteries using diesel engines relatively often. The nuclear power plant of the Nautilus meant that the boat could stay underwater for literally months at a time. The only limit in the end being the amount of food that the boat could carry.
Another revolution in submarine warfare came with USS George Washington. Nuclear powered, like the Nautlius, the George Washington added strategic ballistic missiles to the mix. Earlier submarines had carried strategic missiles, but the boats had been diesel powered, and the missiles required the boat to surface in order to fire. The missiles were also cruise missiles, which were vulnerable to the defences of the day in a way that ballistic missiles were not.
The George Washington's missiles could be fired whilst the boat was submerged, meaning that it was far less likely to be detected before firing. The nuclear power of the boat also meant that, like the Nautilus, the George Washington's patrol length was only limited by the amount of food the boat could carry. Ballistic missile submarines, carrying Polaris missiles, eventually superseded all other strategic nuclear systems in the USN. Deterrent patrols continue to this day, although now with the Ohio class boatss and Trident missiles.
Given the lack of large scale conventional naval warfare since 1945, with the USN's role being primarily that of power projection, the submarine service did not fire weapons in anger for very many years. The development of a new generation of cruise missiles changed that. The BGM-109 Tomahawk missile was developed to give naval vessels a long range land attack capability. Other than direct shore bombardment, and strikes by aircraft flying off carriers, the ability of naval vessels to influence warfare on land was limited.
Now, instead of being limited to firing shells less than 20 miles inland from guns, any naval vessel fitted with the Tomahawk could hit targets up to 1,000 miles inland. The mainstay of the Tomahawk equipped vessels in the early days of the missile's deployment were the Iowa class battleships, and the submarine fleet. The Tomahawk was first used in combat on 17 January 1991, on the opening night of Operation Desert Storm. On that day, for the first time since the surrender of Japan in 1945, an American submarine fired in anger when Tomawhawks were launched by US boats in the eastern Mediterranean.
Since then, the Tomahawk has become a staple of American campaigns. It has seen use in no less than three separate wars. It has also been exported to the United Kingdom, which has also fitted it to submarines. The Tomahawk has seen a change in the design of attack submarines. At first it was fired through torpedo tubes, but more recent US boats have been fitted with vertical launch systems to enable them to carry more of the weapons.
In the early 21st century, the USN submarine fleet is made up entirely of nuclear powered vessels. It is the most powerful of its type in the world. However, there are those who worry that there are not enough boats in the fleet. As with other branches of the US military, the budget cuts of the Clinton years, followed up by the War on Terrorism have left little, or no slack in the system. This point is illustrated by the fact that in 2003, for the first time since 1945, a US submarine made two back-to-back war patrols.

Four F/A-18 Super Hornets assigned to the "Black Aces" of Strike Fighter Squadron Forty One (VFA-41) fly over the Western Pacific Ocean in a stack formation. Taken October 25th 2003

Ships of the U.S. Navy

The names of combat ships of the U.S. Navy all start with USS, meaning 'United States Ship'. Non-combat, civilian-manned vessels of the U.S. Navy have names that begin with USNS, standing for 'United States Navy Ship'.

The U.S. Navy uses a letter based Hull classification symbol to designate a vessel's type.

Modern large ships use nuclear reactors for power. See United States Naval reactor for information on classification schemes and the history of nuclear powered vessels.

Notable ships

(See List of ships of the United States Navy for a more complete listing.)

Aircraft carriers

These are the major strategic arm of the Navy. They put U.S. air power within reach of most land-based military power.

  • USS Hornet
  • USS John C. Stennis
  • USS Kitty Hawk
  • USS George Washington - sixth ship of the Nimitz class
  • USS Enterprise
  • USS Abraham Lincoln
  • USS Ronald Reagan
  • USS George H. W. Bush - Under Construction

Amphibious assault ships

  • USS Wasp (LHD 1), Norfolk, Virginia
    USS Essex (LHD 2), Sasebo, Japan
    USS Kearsarge (LHD 3), Norfolk, Virginia
    USS Boxer (LHD 4), San Diego, California
    USS Bataan (LHD 5), Norfolk, Virginia
    USS Bonhomme Richard (LHD 6), San Diego, California
    USS Iwo Jima (LHD 7) - Norfolk, Virginia


These are the other major strategic arm of the Navy as they can be used directly to control naval and shipping activity by other powers as well as serving as missile-launching platforms.

  • USS Argonaut - two submarines
    USS Tang - two submarines
    USS Nautilus - first nuclear submarine (1955)
    USS Greeneville
    USS Thresher - sunk in an accident in 1963
    USS Scorpion - lost in an accident in 1968
    USS Ohio - first boat in the Ohio class, launched 1979
    USS George Washington - first fleet ballistic missile submarine
    USS Memphis
    USS Glenard P. Lipscomb
    USS City of Corpus Christi
    Benjamin Franklin class
    USS Tecumseh
    USS Tullibee
    USS Triton
    USS Halibut
    Sturgeon class
    Los Angeles Class
    Seawolf class
    Ohio class
    Virginia class
    NR-1 Deep Submergence Craft
    Bathyscaphe Trieste
    USS R-14
    USS R-19
    USS S-1


  • USS Arizona - Pennsylvania class, sunk at Pearl Harbor
  • USS Missouri - Iowa class, the last US battleship built
  • USS Texas - Flagship of D-Day, sister ship to USS Arizona


  • USS Indianapolis - heavy cruiser, sunk by Japanese submarine


  • Oliver Hazard Perry class
    • USS Stark
    • USS Reuben James - launched February 8, 1985


  • USS Reuben James - first US ship sunk in WWII
    USS Cole - badly damaged by an attack in Aden, Yemen
    USS Somers
    USS Winston Churchill


  • USS Liberty - intelligence vessel badly damaged by the Israelis
  • USS Peleliu - amphibious assault ship

Early vessels

  • USS Constitution - "Old Ironsides," oldest commissioned warship afloat
  • USS Monitor - first US ironclad warship, also first rotating turret
  • USS Merrimac - a wooden warship rebuilt by the Confederates as the ironclad CSS Virginia
  • CSS Hunley - First Submarine successfully used in combat. Built by the Confederates near the end of the Civil War. Sank the USS Husitania with its spar-mounted torpedo, but was sunk during or soon after the same battle, with all hands on board.

Weapons systems

Trident missile
Poseidon missile
Tomahawk missile
Polaris missile
Naval Space Surveillance System

Naval aircraft

A-4 Skyhawk
E-2 Hawkeye
EA-6B Prowler
ES-3 Shadow
FH-1 Phantom
F-14 Tomcat
F/A-18 Hornet
F-35 Joint Strike Fighter
H-3 Sea King
CH-46 Sea Knight
CH-53 Sea Stallion
SH-2 Seasprite
SH-60F Sea Hawk
P-3C Orion
S-3 Viking
V-22 Osprey
T-45 Goshawk

Notable members of the U.S. Navy

  • George H. W. Bush - former U.S. President, youngest Naval Aviator in World War II
  • Jimmy Carter - former U.S. President, Cold War submariner and Peace Prize laureate
  • Vern Clark - current Chief of Naval Operations
  • George Dewey - Hero of the Battle of Manila Bay in Spanish-American War
  • David Farragut - American Civil War Admiral
  • Wilson Flagg - retired Admiral, killed in Sept 11 attack
  • John Paul Jones - commander during the American Revolutionary War
  • John F. Kennedy - former U.S. President, decorated PT Boat commander in World War II
  • Richard M. Nixon -- former U.S. President, supply officer in World War II
  • Matthew Perry - Commodore who forced the opening of Japan
  • Hyman G. Rickover - Admiral, "Father of the Nuclear Navy"
  • John Young - Naval Aviator and Gemini, Apollo, and Space Shuttle astronaut

Naval bases

  • Guantanamo Bay - small section on the south coast of Cuba is being leased by the United States and is used as a naval base.
  • Norfolk, Virginia - The largest Naval base in the world. This is the main port for ships on the east coast.
  • San Diego, California - A large Navy base. This is a main port for ships on the west coast.
Pearl Harbor Overview
Pearl Harbor Japanese Forces
Pearl Harbor Japanese Aircraft
Battle of the Coral Sea, 7-8 May 1942
Doolitle Raid on Japan, 18 April 1942
Battle of Midway, 4-7 June 1942
Guadalcanal Campaign, August 1942 - February 1943
Guadalcanal-Tulagi Invasion, 7-9 August 1942
Battle of the Philippine Sea
Battle of Iwo Jima Battle of Okinawa
Japan Capitulates
Battleship Bismarck
Battleships Tirpitz, Scharnhorst
WW2 Luftwaffe Planes - List of Aircraft
U-Boats Types 1, 2A, 2B, 2C, 2D
Kriegsmarine Submarines Types U-Flak, 7A, 7B, 7C, 7C/41, 7C/42, 7D, 7F
Kriegsmarine Submarines: U-Boats
Type 9A, 9B, 9C, 9C/40, 9D, 14
Kriegsmarine Submarines: Type XXI , Type XXIII
Grand Admiral Karl Donitz, Erich Raeder
HMS Prince of Wales Battleship, HMS Repulse,
HMS Ark Royal, HMS Hood Battlecruisers
Battle of the Atlantic
Normandy Invasion, June 1944
Normandy Invasion ,Crossing the English Channel on D-Day, 6 June 1944
Normandy Invasion- The D-Day Landings, 6 June 1944
USN WW2 Admirals
Imperial Japan Navy Admirals
Japan WW2 Fighters- Mitsubishi Zero
USN Battleships - Indiana Class, Kearsarge Class, Illinois Class, Maine Class, Virginia Class, Connecticut Class, Mississippi Class, South Carolina Class, Delaware Class, Florida Class, Wyoming Class, New York Class, Nevada Class, Pennsylvania Class, New Mexico Class, Tennessee Class, Colorado Class, South Dakota Class, Lexington Class, North Carolina Class, South Dakota Class, Iowa Class, Montana Class
USN WW2 Torpedo Bomber - Douglas TBD-1 Devastator
USN WW2 Fighters: Brewster F2A Buffalo, Curtiss F9C Sparrowhawk
Grumman F3F, Grumman F4F Wildcat, General Motors FM-2 Wildcat
Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress, Boeing B-29 Superfortress
Consolidated B-24 D Liberator
North American B-25 Mitchell, Martin B-26 Marauder
Junkers Ju 87 Stuka
Dornier Do 17, Dornier Do 335 Pfeil
Messerschmitt Bf 109
USN Aircraft Carriers USS Kitty Hawk, Enterprise, John F. Kennedy, Nimitz, Dwight D. Eisenhower, Carl Vinson, Theodore Roosevelt, Abraham Lincoln, George Washington, John C. Stennis, Harry S. Truman, Ronald Reagan, George H.W. Bush
USN Cruisers 1 - USS Ticonderoga, Vincennes, Valley Forge, Thomas S. Gates, Bunker Hill, Mobile Bay, Antietam, Leyte Gulf, San Jacinto, Lake Champlain, Philippine Sea, Princeton, Normandy, Monterey
USN Cruisers 2 - USS Chancellorsville, Cowpens, Gettysburg, Chosin, Hue City, Shiloh, Anzio, Vicksburg, Lake Erie, Cape St. George, Vella Gulf, Port Royal
USN Destroyers
Amphibious Assault Ships - LHA/LHD/LHA(R) USS Wasp, USS Essex, USS Kearsarge, USS Boxer, USS Bataan, USS Bonhomme Richard, USS Iwo Jima, USS Makin Island, USS Tarawa, USS Saipan, USS Belleau Wood, USS Nassau, USS Peleliu
SSN Attack Sumbarines 1 USS Seawolf, Connecticut, Jimmy Carter, Virginia, Texax, Hawaii, North Carolina, Los Angeles, Philadelphia, Memphis, Bremerton, Jacksonville, Dallas, La Jolla, City of Corpus Christi, Albuquerque, Portsmouth, Minneapolis-St. Paul, Hyman G. Rickover, Augusta, San Francisco, Houston, Norfolk, Buffalo, Salt Lake City, Olympia, Honolulu, Providence
SSN Attack Sumbarines 2 USS Pittsburgh, Chicago, Key West, Oklahoma City, Louisville, Helena, Newport News, San Juan, Pasadena, Albany, Topeka, Miami, Scranton, Alexandria, Asheville, Jefferson City, Annapolis, Springfield, Columbus, Santa Fe, Boise, Montpelier, Charlotte, Hampton, Hartford, Toledo, Tucson, Columbia, Greeneville, Cheyenne
SSBN Fleet Balistic Missile Sumbarines USS Georgia, USS Henry M. Jackson, USS Alabama, USS Alaska,USS Nevada, USS Pennsylvania, USS Kentucky, USS Tennessee, USS West Virginia, USS Maryland, USS Nebraska, USS Rhode Island, USS Maine, USS Wyoming, USS Louisiana, USS Ohio
USN Frigates
USN Patrol Ships
Anti-submarine aircraft - P-3C Orion S-3B Viking
USN FIGHTERS F-14 Tomcat F-18 Hornet
CH-46 Sea Knight, CH-53 Sea Stallion
H-3 Sea King MH-53 Sea Dragon
SH-60 Seahawk HH/UH-1N Iroquois
  Text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License