Dornier Do 215
Junkers Ju 88
PLANES US AIR FORCE WW2
Torpedo Bomber -
AMERICAN P-51 MUSTANG
B-17 Flying Fortress,
Battleship Game -
WW2 Naval Strategy: the best choice among aircraft
carrier games and submarine games.
Missions and Scenarios:
Pearl Harbor Game
Atlantic Game 1943
Sink Cruisers Game
Iwo Jima Game
US Marines Game
Luftwaffe Game Pacific
Torpedo Game Boats
Bismarck Game Pacific
Destroy RAF Game
Us Navy Submarine Game
Fleet Submarines Game
U Boat Game
Fleet Cruisers Game
Coral Sea Game
Target Los Angeles
West Pacific Game
Pacific War Game
South Pacific Game
Destroy USAF Game
US Navy Game
Free Hunt Doenitz Game
Free Hunt Spruance Game
Free Hunt Halsey Game
Imperial Navy I
Royal Navy Game
Free Hunt Pearl Harbor Games
Clear West Coast
Fall Of Australia
Battle For Leyte
Conquer Of Japan
Road To Okinawa
Prince Of Wales
Conquer Of Italy
Heavy Cruiser Game
Drang Nach Ost
Sir John Tovey
Free Hunt Andrews
Germans On Pacific
Return To Midway
Kriegsmarine Game II
Royal Air Force Game
F. Hunt Lancaster
Free Hunt USN
Free Hunt Japan
Free Hunt RAAF
Free Hunt U Boat Game
Free Hunt Aircraft Carriers Game
Free Hunt Hawaii
Free Hunt Yamato Game
Free Hunt Iwo Jima Game
Free Hunt Pacific Game
Free Hunt Torpedos
Free Hunt Convoy
Free Hunt Germany
Free Hunt Germany II
Free Hunt Italy
Free Hunt Malaya
Free Hunt Subs Game
Free Hunt B-26 Game
Free Hunt USN 1944
|Heinkel He 111 HE111
The He 111 was the main Luftwaffe bomber during the early
stages of World War II, and is perhaps the most obvious
symbol of the German side of the Battle of Britain.
Developed from a pre-war airliner design the 111 was
never a great design, and was removed from service as
soon a other medium bombers had the range and payload to
match that of the 111. Smaller runs were also completed
as transport aircraft in the later stages of the war.
In the early 1930's Ernst Heinkel decided to build the
world's fastest passenger plane, a lofty goal met with
more than a little skepticism by the German aircraft
industry and its newly evolving political leadership. To
make matters worse he entrusted the development to the
G?nther brothers, fairly new to the company and basically
untested. To everyone's surprise they delivered on the
promise, delivering an improved version of the already
fast Lockheed 9 Orion. The first example of their
soon-to-be-famous Heinkel He 70 Blitz rolled off the line
in 1932 and immediately started breaking record after
record. In its normal 4 passenger version it cruised at
almost 200mph, even though it was powered by only a
single 600hp BMW V1 engine.
Following the success of the Blitz, practically every
design the brothers penned looked like it. It was only a
matter of time before they turned their attention to
developing a larger and more powerful twin engine
version, producing a plane that had many of the Blitz's
features including its elliptical gull-wing, small
rounded control surfaces, and BMW engines. With the
engines moved off the nose being the only notable change
in looks, their new design was often called the
He 111V1 was completed as a bomber prototype and kept
secret. It first flew in February 1935, and was followed
quickly by the civilian-equipped V2. V2 had a smaller
wing, and used the bomb-bay as a four-seat "smoking
compartment" with another six seats behind it in the
rear fuselage. V2 entered service with Lufthansa in 1936,
along with five newly built versions known as the He
V3 was also completed as a bomber prototype. It
supplanted the main bomb-bay with smaller bays in the
inner wings, and was armed with three MG15 machine guns
for defence. The added weight slowed the plane
considerably, which now cruised at a measly 170mph.
He111 Early production
Ten He 111A-0 models based on the V3 were built, but they
proved to be underpowered and were eventually sold to
In early 1936 the V3 was fitted with 950hp Daimler-Benz
DB 600Aa engines. Performance jumped to about 225mph, and
the Luftwaffe placed orders for over 300 He 111B models.
Some of these planes were sent to Spain to serve with the
Condor Legion, where they proved to be able to outfly the
majority of fighters sent to intercept them, and it
appeared that the light three-gun armament was more than
enough to handle the ones that managed to catch them.
This would lead the Luftwaffe into a false sense of
security, as the days of the bomber being faster than the
fighters would be short-lived and the woeful armament
would soon prove to be deadly.
The design quickly ran though a series of minor design
versions to fix one sort of problem or another. One of
the more obvious changes started with the He 111F models,
which moved from the elliptical wing to one with straight
leading and trailing edges, which was easier to build.
The DB engine was always a problem because the German
engine industry couldn't produce enough of them, but as
the best engine of it's day it was used in practically
every design. Eventually the RLM (the German Air
Ministry) decided that all of the DB engines would go to
Messerschmitt for use in the Bf 109 and Bf 110. Many
promising designs were cancelled due to this decision,
while most other designs were forced to switch engines.
The result for the He 111 was a slew of minor versions
with all sorts of engine installations - basically
whatever they could find.
One of these runs was the He 111P, which mounted the
updated Dailmer-Benz DB 601 and a newly designed nose
section that replaced the 'stepped' cockpit with the
now-famous glazed 'dome' over the front of the plane.
These improvements allowed it to reach almost 250mph.
Several hundred of these were built in 1938, and saw
action over Poland.
It was at this point that the new 1,100hp Junkers Jumo
211 engine started deliveries. When the Jumo was fitted
to the P model it became the He 111H, the most produced
version of the design by far. The main versions in the
early stages of the war were the H-5 which included
additional guns in the rear side windows, and the similar
H-6 which could optionally carry torpedos (although they
rarely did so). Both replaced the earlier versions
in-wing bomb bays with additional fuel tanks for better
Even with an upgraded Jumo of 1,300hp the plane was now
so overburdened with equipment that it could rarely reach
even 220mph. That meant it had neither the speed nor the
guns needed to put up a fight with the modern RAF
fighters it would meet over England, let alone the
cannon-armed planes a year later. Nevertheless the He 111
was kept in production until 1944 because the RLM
continually dropped the ball on replacing it: the He 177
Greif was a disaster, and the entire advanced Bomber B
program was eventually abandoned. The vast majority of
the 7,300 He 111's produced would be the H models,
largely identical to the first H introduced in 1939.
Along with the Me 109 the He 111 came to symbolize German
air power. This was true in more ways than one - both
planes were left in production long after they should
have been replaced, and at the hands of rapidly
modernizing allied air forces, both would suffer terribly
for being a few years too old.
|www.tankopoly.com CIA / KGB intelligence game. Run your own operation game.
Travel around the world and set up espionage
game, trade with state secrets, weapon systems,
spy codes, WMD, hire secretaries, agents, lawyers
and soldiers, establish secret agent stations,
cells and bases and search for criminals and
politicians. Involve in agent game. Game contains
more than 40 missions including Nuclear Game,
Cold War Game, Secret Agent, CIA Games, USAF,
Prime Minister, RAF, Bin Laden, Sadam, KGB,
for He 111 H
Engines: 2x Junkers Jumo
213E-2 inline piston engines with 2-stage supercharger
& GM-1 power boost @ 1,750 hp each
Wing Span: 22.60 m
Length: 16.39 m
Height: 4 m
Weight: Empty 7,700
kg / Loaded 14,000 kg
Maximum Speed: 420
Ceiling: 8,500 m
Range: 2,600 km
Armanment: 3x 13 mm MG
131 machine guns / 6x 7.92 mm MG 81 machine guns / 2,200
kg of bombs
In 1937, 24 He 111 F-1s were bought by the Turkish Air
Force. The Turks also ordered four He 111 G-5s. China
also ordered 12 He 111 A-0s, but at a cost 400,000
Reichsmark (RM). The aircraft were crated up and
transported by sea. At the end of the Spanish Civil War,
the Spanish Air Force acquired 59 He 111
"survivors" and a further six He 111s in
1941-1943. Bulgaria was given one He 111 H-6, Romania
received 10 E-3s, 32 H-3s and 10 H-6s. Two H-10s and
three H-16s were given to Slovakia, Hungary was given 3
He 111Bs and 12-13 He 111s by 6 May 1941. A further 80
P-1s were ordered, but only 13 arrived. Towards the
end of 1944, 12 He 111Hs were delivered. The Japanese
were due to receive 44 He 111Fs, but in 1938 the
agreement was cancelled.
Heinkel He 111 operational history
The Heinkel He 111 served on all the German military
fronts in the European Theatre of World War II. Beginning
the war as a medium bomber it supported the German
campaigns in the field until 1943 when, owing to Western
Allied and Soviet air superiority, it reverted to a
transport aircraft role. Small numbers of Kampgeschwader
did continue to operate a small number of He 111s until
1945 in various roles, but mostly at night to avoid
Allied fighter aircraft.
German-built He 111s remained in service in Spain after
the end of the Second World War, being supplemented by
Spanish licence-built CASA 2.111s from 1950. The last two
German-built aircraft remained in service until at least
* He 111 A-0: 10 aircraft built based on He 111 V3, 2
used for trials at Rechlin, rejected .
* He 111 B-0: Pre-production aircraft, similar to He 111
A-0, but with DB600Aa engines.
* He 111 B-1: Production aircraft as B-0, but with DB600C
engines. Defensive armament consisted of a flexible
Ikaria turret in the nose A Stand, a B Stand with one DL
15 revolving gun-mount and a C Stand with one MG 15.
* He 111 B-2: As B-1, but with DB600GG engines, and extra
radiators on either side of the engine nacelles under the
wings. Later the DB 600Ga engines were added and the wing
surface coolers withdrawn.
* He 111 B-3: Modified B-1 for training purposes.
* He 111 C-0: Six pre-production aircraft.
* He 111 D-0: Pre-production aircraft with DB600Ga
* He 111 D-1: Production aircraft, only a few built.
Notable for the installation of the FuG X, or FuG 10,
designed to operate over longer ranges. Auxiliary
equipment contained direction finding Peil G V and FuBI
radio blind landing aids.
* He 111 E-0: Pre-production aircraft, similar to B-0,
but with Jumo 211 A-1 engines.
* He 111 E-1: Production aircraft with Jumo 211 A-1
powerplants. Prototypes were powered by Jume 210G as
which replaced the original DB 600s.
* He 111 E-2: Non production variant. No known variants
built. Designed with Jumo 211 A-1s and A-3s.
* He 111 E-3: Production bomber. Same design as E-2, but
upgraded to standard Jumo 211 A-3s.
* He 111 E-4: Half of 2,000 kg (4,410 lb) bomb load
* He 111 E-5: Fitted with several internal auxiliary fuel
* He 111 F-0: Pre-production aircraft similar to E-5, but
with a new wing of simpler construction with a straight
rather than curved taper, and Jumo 211 A-1 engines.
* He 111 F-1: Production bomber, 24 were exported to
* He 111 F-2: 20 were built. The F-2 was based on the
F-1, differing only in installation of optimised wireless
* He 111 F-3: Planned reconnaissance version. Bomb
release equipment replaced with RB cameras. It was to
have Jumo 211 A-3 powerplants.
* He 111 F-4: A small number of staff communications
aircraft were built under this designation. Equipment was
similar to the G-5.
* He 111 F-5: The F-5 was not put into production. The
already available on the P variant showed it to be
* He 111 G-0: Pre-production transportation aircraft
built, featured new wing introduced on F-0.
* He 111 G-3: Also known as V14, fitted with BMW 132Dc
* He 111 G-4: Also known as V16, fitted with DB600G
* He 111 G-5: Four aircraft with DB600Ga engines built
for export to Turkey.
* He 111 J-0: Pre-production torpedo bomber similar to
F-4, but with DB600CG engines.
* He 111 J-1: Production torpedo bomber, 90 built, but
re-configured as a bomber.
* He 111 L: Alternative designation for the He 111 G-3
civil transport aircraft.
* He 111 P-0: Pre-production aircraft featured new
straight wing, new glazed nose, DB601Aa engines, and a
ventral gondola for gunner (rather than
"dust-bin" on previous models).
* He 111 P-1: Production aircraft, fitted with three MG
15s as defensive armament.
* He 111 P-2: Had FuG 10 radio in place of FuG IIIaU.
Defensive armament increased to five MG 15s.
* He 111 P-3: Dual control trainer fitted with DB601 A-1
* He 111 P-4: Fitted with extra armour, three extra MG
15s, and provisions for two externally mounted bomber
racks. Powerplants consisted of DB601 A-1s. The internal
bomb bay was replaced with a 835 L fuel tank and a 120 L
* He 111 P-5: The P-5 was a pilot trainer. Some 24
examples were built. The variant was powered by DB 601A
* He 111 P-6: Some of the P-6s were powered by the DB
601N engines. The Messerschmitt Bf 109 received these
engines, as they had greater priority.
* He 111 P-6/R2: Conversions later in war of surviving
aircraft to glider tugs.
* He 111 P-7: Never built.
* He 111 P-8: Its existence and production is in doubt.
* He 111 P-9: It was intended for export to the Hungarian
Air Force, by the project founder for lack of DB 601E
engines. Only a small number were built, and were used in
the Luftwaffe as towcraft.0
* He 111 H-0: Pre-production aircraft similar to P-2 but
with Jumo 211A-1 engines, pioneering the use of the
Junkers Jumo 211 series of engines for the H-series as
* He 111 H-1: Production aircraft. Fitted with FuG IIIaU
and later FuG 10 radio communications.
* He 111 H-2: This version was fitted with improved
armament. Two D Stands (waist guns) in the fuselage
giving the variant some five MG 15 Machine guns.
* He 111 H-3: Similar to H-2, but with Jumo 211 A-3
engines. Like the H-2, five MG 15 machine guns were
standard. One A Stand MG FF cannon could be installed in
the nose and an MG 15 could be installed in the tail
* He 111 H-4: Fitted with Jumo 211D engines, late in
production changed to Jumo 211F engines, and two external
bomb racks. Two PVC 1006L racks for carrying torpedoes
could be added.".
* He111 H-5: Similar to H-4, all bombs carried
externally, internal bomb bay replaced by fuel tank. The
variant was to be a longer range torpedo bomber.
* He111 H-6: Torpedo bomber, could carry two LT F5b
torpedoes externally, powered by Jumo 211F-1 engines, had
six MG 15s and one MG FF cannon in forward gondola.
* He 111 H-7: Designed as a night bomber. Similar to H-6,
tail MG 17 removed, ventral gondola removed, and armoured
plate added. Fitted with Kuto-Nase barrage balloon
* He 111 H-8: The H-8 was a rebuild of H-3 or H-5
aircraft, but with balloon cable-cutting fender. The H-8
was powered by Jumo 211D-1s.
* He 111 H-8/R2: Conversion of H-8 into glider tugs,
balloon cable-cutting equipment removed.
* He111 H-9: Based on H-6, but with Kuto-Nase balloon
* He111 H-10: Similar to H-6, but with 20 mm MG/FF cannon
in ventral gondola, and fitted with Kuto-Nase balloon
cable-cutters. Powered by Jumo 211 A-1s or D-1s.
* He 111 H-11: Had a fully enclosed dorsal gun position
and increased defensive armament and armour. The H-11 was
fitted with Jumo 211 F-2s.
* He111 H-11/R1: As H-11, but with two 7.92 mm (.312 in)
MG 81Z twin-gun units at beam positions.
* He 111 H-11/R2: As H-11, but converted to a glider tug.
* He 111 H-12: Modified to carry Hs 293A missiles, fitted
with FuG 203b Kehl transmitter, and ventral gondola
* He 111 H-14: Pathfinder, fitted with FuG FuMB 4 Samos
and FuG 16 radio equipment.
* He 111 H-14/R1:Glider tug version.
* He111 H-15: The H-15 was intended as a launch pad for
the Blohm & Voss BV 246.
* He 111 H-16: Fitted with Jumo 211 F-2 engines and
increased defensive armament of MG 131 machine guns, twin
MG 81Zs, and a MG FF cannon.
* He 111 H-16/R1: As H-16, but with MG 131 in
power-operated dorsal turret.
* He 111 H-16/R2: As H-16, but converted to a glider tug.
* He 111 H-16/R3: As H-16, modified as a pathfinder.
* He 111 H-18: Based on H-16/R3, was a pathfinder for
* He 111 H-20: Defensive armament similar to H-16, but
some aircraft feature power-operated dorsal turrets.
* He 111 H-20/R1: Could carry 16 paratroopers, fitted
with jump hatch.
* He 111 H-20/R2: Was a cargo carrier and glider tug.
* He 111 H-20/R3: Was a night bomber.
* He111 H-20/R4: Could carry twenty 50 kg (110 lb) bombs.
* He111 H-21: Based on the H-20/R3, but with Jumo 213 E-1
* He111 H-22: Re-designated and modified H-6, H-16, and
H-21's used to air launch V1 flying-bombs.
* He 111 H-23: Based on H-20/R1, but with Jumo 213 A-1
* He111 R: High altitude bomber project.
* He 111 U: A spurious designation applied for propaganda
purposes to the Heinkel He 119 high-speed reconnaissance
bomber design which set an FAI record in November 1937.
True identity only becomes clear to the Allies after
World War II.
* He 111 Z-1: Two He 111 airframes coupled together by a
new central wing panel possessing a fifth Jumo 211
engine, used as a glider tug for Messerschmitt Me 321.
* He 111 Z-2: Long-range bomber variant based on Z-1.
* He 111 Z-3: Long-range reconnaissance variant based on
An He 111Z at Regensburg, 1944.
The Spanish company CASA also produced a number of
heavily modified He 111s under license for indigenous
use. These models were designated CASA 2.111 and served
At the outset of the war,
the Luftwaffe was one of the most modern,
powerful, and experienced air forces in the
world, dominating the skies over Europe with
aircraft much more advanced than their
counterparts. The Luftwaffe was central to the
German Blitzkrieg (lightning war) doctrine, as
the close air support provided by various medium
two-engine bombers, Stuka dive bombers and an
overwhelming force of tactical fighters were key
to several early successes.
British and American Air Forces, the Luftwaffe
never developed four-engine bombers in any
significant numbers, and was thus unable to
conduct an effective long-range strategic bombing
campaign against either the Russians or the
Western Allies. The Messerschmitt Bf 109 was the
most versatile and widely-produced fighter
aircraft operated by the Luftwaffe and was
designed when biplanes were still standard. Many
versions of this aircraft were made. The engine,
a liquid cooled Mercedes-Benz DB 601, initially
generated up to almost 1,000 hp (750 kW). This
power increased as direct fuel injection was
introduced to the engines. The kill ratio (almost
9:1) made this plane far superior than any of the
other German fighters during the war. In this
regard it was followed by the Focke-Wulf Fw 190
at 4:1. This plane had relatively short wings and
was powered by a radial BMW engine. The Junkers
Ju 87 Stuka was a main asset for Blitzkrieg, able
to place bombs with deadly accuracy. The leader
of the Luftwaffe was Hermann G?ring, a World War
I fighter ace and former commander of Manfred von
Richthofen's famous JG 1 (aka "The Flying
Circus") who had joined the Nazi party in
its early stages.
naval game, extension to the classic
Submarine game (Battleship game) where
ships/planes/subs can move. Contains plenty of
game missions, game campaigns and 40 ship,
submarine, airplane ana port artillery types,
with combat maps up to 96X96 large.
is a business fashion management game.
You'll build your multinational fashion company,
destroy competition, hire employees, fashion
models and businessman, establish company
objects, run fashion shows and brand campaigns.
There is a more than 30 missions with different
game objectives. You can hire more than 100
fashion models, directors, brand experts,
strategy game represents World War 4
conflict on tactical level.
The user-friendly game engine allows more than 60
unit types, including planet battleships, galaxy
cruisers, death-stars, stealth units, star
destroyers, air-space interceptors, explorers,
planet artillery and radars.
Game - build your own world business empire as an
arms dealer tycoon. Travel around the world,
trade with more than 400 weapon systems, hire
secretaries, bodyguards, lawyers, fighters and
tanks, establish companies and search for
criminals and hostages.
the summer and autumn of 1940, the Luftwaffe lost
the Battle of Britain over the skies of England,
the first all-air battle. Following the military
failures on the Eastern Front, from 1942 onwards,
the Luftwaffe went into a steady, gradual decline
that saw it outnumbered and overwhelmed by the
sheer number of Allied aircraft being deployed
against it. Towards the end of the war, the
Luftwaffe was no longer a major factor, and
despite fielding advanced aircraft like the
Messerschmitt Me 262, Heinkel He 162, Arado Ar
234, and Me 163 was crippled by fuel shortages
and a lack of trained pilots. There was also very
little time to develop these aircraft, and could
not be produced fast enough by the Germans, so
the jets and rockets proved to be "too
little too late."
Of German Terms
"Shootdown"--an air victory.
Ami slang for American.
dicke Autos "fat
cars"--enemy heavy bombers.
Einsatzfruede love of
operational Staffel (of a training unit.).
operational training squadron.
final destruction of an already-culled aircraft.
advanced training group.
advanced training squadron.
operational test group.
operational test squadron.
Experte a fighter pilot
proficient in aerial combat; the Allied Ace.
Fliegerdivision (FD) air
division--a higher command containing several
types of flying units.
aircraft command/control unit or it's commander.
In the case of isolated theatres, the theatre air
Fliegerkorps (FG) air
corps--a higher command containing several
Freie Jagd "free
hunt"--a fighter sweep without ground
General der Jagdflieger (GdJ)
General of the Fighter Arms; a staff position in
the RLM. Werner Moelders and Adolf Galland were
the most prominent holders of this position.
Geschwader wing (pl.
Geschwader)--the largest mobile, homogeneous
Luftwaffe flying unit.
commodore--usually a Major, Oberstleutenant, or
Oberst in rank.
Gruppe (Gr) group (pl.
Gruppen)--basic Luftwaffe combat and
commander--usually a Haptmann, Major, or
Oberstleutnant in rank.
out" (cull)--to damage a bomber sufficiently
to seperate it from it's formation.
"mission to heaven"--suicide mission.
eye"--the last airplane in a formation.
Horrido hunters' or
pilots' cry of victory. St. Horridus was the
patron saint of hunters and fighter pilots.
Jaeger originally hunter,
now fighter pilot.
Jaegerschreck :fear of
fighter"--a derogatory term coined in
Jagddivision (JD) fighter
division; could command one or more Jafue or
fighter command/control unit or it's commander.
Tha Jafue originated as administrative units but
evolved into operational control units during the
fighter wing, commanding three or four Gruppen.
Jagdgruppe (JGr) fighter
group, containing three or four Staffeln.
Jagdkorps fighter corps;
commanded one or more Jagddivisionen.
protection"--generally, apatrol of a section
of front, rather than an escort mission.
squadron, originally containg twelve aircraft
(three Schwaerme). It's authorized strength was
increased to sixteen in 1943.
Jagdverband (JV) fighter
unit. The term was only used for JV 44, the
Gruppe of jet fighters commanded by General Adolf
Galland in 1945.
Jagdwaffe fighter arm or
Kanalfront the (English)
geschwader serving on the English Channel (JG 2
and JG 26).
pilot(s) based near the channel.
"captain"--a Staffel command position
rather than a rank.
Katschmarek a sland term
for a wingman--originally a derogatory term for a
dim-witted infantry recruit.
Kette flight of three
"commander"--a Gruppe command position
rather than a rank.
"commodore"--A Geschwader command
position rather than a rank.
Luftflotte (LF) "air
fleet"--corresponded to a numbered American
force"--refers to German Air Force.
air command-a small or down-graded Luftflotte.
growth"--a late-war replacement pilot.
Pulk combat box-an
American heavy bomber formation.
"empire"--Hitler's Germany was the
German Air Minitry; Goering's headquarters, it
controlled all aspects of German aviation.
organization responsible for the air defence of
Rotte tactical element of
the second man in a Rotte.
Rottenfuehrer leader of
an element of two aircraft.
fast bomber wing.
Schwarm flight of four
aircraft (pl Schwaerme); all German fighter
formations were made up of units of Schwaerme.
war"--the "phony war" in western
Europe between September 1939 and April 1940.
Staffel (St) squadron
leader (temporary or probationary).
leader--usually a Leutnant, OberLeutnant or
Tommy German slang for
Valhalla a large
formation of aircraft.
"destroyer" (heavy fighter)--Bf 110 or
Me 410 twin-engined fighter.
heavy fighter wing.
heavy fighter group.